Gives wine essential crispness and zing. Natural component of grapes in the form of tartaric, malic or citric acid.
Affects the weight, character and strength of a wine. Has a certain sweetness, giving richness and warmth. Is the product of fermentation of grape sugar by yeast.
The smell of wine derived from the grape.
A dry, mouth-puckering effect caused by high tannin content.
The weight of wine in the mouth due to its alcoholic content, extract and geographical origin.
The pleasant and characteristic smell of wine, traditionally defined as coming from the aging of the wine.
A fresh, lively character in the aroma, flavor and mouthfeel.
Absence of foreign and unpleasant odor and taste.
Many faceted smell and taste, the hallmark of a well developed fine wine.
An off, oxidized musty smell caused by a problem with the wine’s cork
A desirable feature in white wines: firm, refreshing with positive acidity
Deep colored, deep bouquet, depth of flavor – opposite to superficial –indicating underlying richness, layers of flavor.
Not sweet – absence of residual sugar
The feel and flavor left in the mouth after swallowing.
Attractive quality derived from good ripe grapes.
Robust, zestful, warm, alcoholic.
Between grass-like, and flowery. Pleasant, open, fresh, appealing; usually found in young white wines.
Reds rich with tannins
The duration of a wine’s finish.
A low degree of alcohol and acidity.
All its constituent elements in harmony from appropriate aging.
Containing some residual sugar, but not dry enough to be drunk before or during a meal.
Soft, mature – no rough edges.
The broadest term for the bouquet, aroma, smell of wine.
An important factor, particularly in relation to fine wines. Oak barrels import an oaky, spicy, cinnamon taste and smell desirable in moderation.
To do with the sense of smell and its perception.
Flat, stale, off-taste due to exposure to air
Length of flavor and bouquet
Rich, warm fruit flavors from fully mature grapes.
Full, soft rich, without harshness.
Rich, spice-like aroma and flavor
Easy to taste and sense, soft texture.
A wine with high sugar content
An essential preservative derived from grape skins during fermentation
Distinctive aroma derived from oak.
A specific grape variety.
Distinct and desirable odor derived from aging in oak barrels.
A positive, attractive feature; fresh with youthful acidity
A lively, crisply flavored wine